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December 26, 2015

Thank you for visiting the Pospis Law Blog (the “Blog”), maintained by Pospis Law, PLLC (the “Firm”). The Blog primarily provides general information regarding developments in the New York law in our primary practice areas of employment discrimination, sexual harassment, and personal injury. In addition to our general website disclaimer (which is incorporated by reference), the following […]

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The “Trivial Defect” Doctrine in Personal Injury Trip-and-Fall Premises Liability Cases

August 20, 2017

One common type of personal injury case involves someone being injured as a result of tripping and falling on someone’s property, resulting in injury. In these so-called “trip-and-fall” cases, courts have developed and applied the “trivial defect” doctrine. The Law In determining whether a defect is “trivial” as a matter of law, the court must […]

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Surviving Summary Judgment in a Slip-and-Fall Premises Liability Case

August 19, 2017

One frequently-occurring personal injury case is the so-called “slip-and-fall” case, which in turn is a species of “premises liability” claims. One court[1]Decker v. Middletown Walmart Supercenter Store, No. 15 CIV. 2886 (JCM), 2017 WL 568761 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 10, 2017) recently summarized the law as follows: In New York, [t]o establish a prima facie case of […]

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Proving Employment Discrimination

August 18, 2017

Proving employment discrimination is no easy task. Over time, courts have developed an analytical method for evaluating such claims. Proving Employment Discrimination With “Indirect” or “Circumstantial” Evidence When a plaintiff alleges employment discrimination based on indirect, or circumstantial, evidence, courts employ the “burden-shifting” framework set out in McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Green, 411 U.S. 792 […]

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Race Discrimination Lawsuit Against Goldman Sachs

August 17, 2017

In a recent complaint filed in Manhattan federal court, captioned Allen v. Goldman Sachs, SDNY 17-cv-6195 (filed 8/16/17), plaintiff Rebecca Allen – a member of Goldman’s Private Wealth Management Division – alleges (inter alia) that “[a]s a result of [a] pattern and practice of discriminatory conduct, the few Black employees at the Bank are marginalized and […]

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Fall-Down-Stairs Personal Injury Case Survives Summary Judgment

August 16, 2017

In Lee v. Acevedo, 2017 NY Slip Op 05586 (App. Div. 2d Dept. July 12, 2017) – a personal injury premises liability case – the Appellate Division reversed the lower court’s award of summary judgment to defendant. Here are the facts, as summarized by the court: [Plaintiff alleged that she was injured] after she fell backwards […]

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Bus Operators’ Sexual Harassment/Hostile Work Environment Claims Survive Summary Judgment

August 15, 2017

In Jenkins v. NYC Transit Authority, 2017 WL 3207093  (N.Y. Sup. Ct. Index 153761/13 July 28, 2017), the court denied defendants’ motion for summary judgment on plaintiffs’ sexual harassment/hostile work environment claims under the New York City Human Rights Law (NYCHRL). Plaintiffs, three female bus operators employed by the Manhattan and Bronx Surface Transit Operating […]

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Disability Discrimination Claim Against Staples Survives Summary Judgment

August 14, 2017

In Roa v. Staples, Inc., 2017 WL 3425779 (SDNY Aug. 9, 2017), the court denied defendant’s motion for summary judgment dismissing plaintiff’s disability discrimination claim. Although it was undisputed that defendant terminated plaintiff based on the belief that plaintiff stole another employee’s bag of chips, the court held that plaintiff provided enough evidence of discriminatory […]

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Court Dismisses Mexican-American Professor’s Title VII National Origin Discrimination (Failure to Promote) Claim

August 13, 2017

In Sosa v. Rockland County Community College, 2017 WL 3105872 (SDNY July 20, 2017), the court dismissed plaintiff’s national origin discrimination (failure to promote) claim. “To establish a prima facie case of race or national origin discrimination under Title VII, a plaintiff must show that: (1) [s]he belonged to a protected class; (2) [s]he was […]

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Trip/Fall Case Survives Summary Judgment; Raised Brick Was Not a “Trivial Defect” as a Matter of Law

August 12, 2017

In Chojnacki v. Old Westbury Gardens, Inc., 2017 NY Slip Op 05706, 2017 WL 3045841 (App. Div. 2d Dept. July 19, 2017), the court reversed a lower court’s finding that the alleged defect that caused plaintiff to fall – a raised brick – was “trivial” as a matter of law. From the decision:: The Supreme Court […]

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Sexual Harassment Lawsuit Against Plaza Hotel

August 11, 2017

Below is the complaint, captioned Lewis v. Sahara Plaza LLC d/b/a The Plaza Hotel et al (NY Sup. Ct. Bx Cty Index 27324 Aug. 8, 2017), in which several plaintiffs allege that they were subjected to sexual harassment while working for the defendant. Plaintiffs allege, among other things, that “many of its female employees are […]

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