From Fuentes v. Theodore, 2018 WL 3748315, at *1 (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept., 2018):
The defendant established her prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law by submitting evidence that no dangerous or defective condition existed with respect to the stepladder (see Bernal v. 521 Park Ave. Condo, 128 A.D.3d 750, 9 N.Y.S.3d 358; Balashanskaya v. Polymed Community Care Ctr., P.C., 122 A.D.3d 558, 559, 996 N.Y.S.2d 127). In particular, both the plaintiff and the defendant testified at their depositions that they had previously used the stepladder without incident, and the evidence demonstrated that the stepladder was stable. While the plaintiff had previously noticed a “white substance” on the stepladder, she testified that the substance, which she had previously “walked on,” did not render the stepladder “slippery or anything like that.” Further, although the plaintiff testified that, upon inspecting the stepladder a few months after the accident, she “felt something” in the area of the stepladder where she observed the “white substance,” she did not testify that the substance felt sticky or slippery.
In opposition to this prima facie showing, the plaintiff failed to raise a triable issue of fact. The plaintiff merely submitted the affidavit of an expert who inspected the stepladder four years after the accident and speculated as to what the “white substance” might have been and the condition of the substance at the time of the accident
As such, the court held that the lower court should have granted the defendant’s motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint.