FRCP 12(b)(6)

In MacAlister v. Millennium Hotels & Resorts et al, 2019 WL 3765825 (S.D.N.Y. August 9, 2019), the court held, inter alia, that plaintiff – a white American woman over the age of 40 – sufficiently alleged discrimination and a hostile work environment based on her age. gender and race. As to plaintiff’s discrimination claims, the…

Read More “Old White Bitch” Among Comments Held Sufficient to Allege Age/Race/Gender Discrimination & Hostile Work Environment Claims

In Gayle v. Children’s Aid College Prep Charter School et al, 18-cv-9874, 2019 WL 3759097 (SDNY July 29, 2019), the court dismissed the sexual harassment claim of plaintiff – an employee of a federally-funded educational institution – brought under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, finding that Title VII of the Civil Rights…

Read More Instructor at Federally-Funded School Had Exclusive Remedy for Sexual Harassment Under Title VII, Not Title IX, Court Rules

In Kaplan v. New York State Department of Labor, 2019 WL 3252911 (S.D.N.Y. July 19, 2019), a case involving claims of discrimination based on religion, the court, inter alia, denied defendants’ motion to dismiss plaintiff’s federal claims.[1]The court dismissed plaintiff’s state law discrimination claims under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(1) on Eleventh Amendment (sovereign immunity)…

Read More Hostile Work Environment Claim, Based on Anti-Semitic Comments, Survives Dismissal

In Kallinikos v. New York State Dept. of Corrections and Community Supervision et al, 2019 WL 3216769 (EDNY July 17, 2019), the court, inter alia, held that plaintiff sufficiently alleged religious discrimination, in the form of a failure-to-promote, under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The court explained the applicable pleading standard:…

Read More Religious Discrimination Failure-to-Promote Claim Sufficiently Alleged

In Cao-Bossa v. New York State Dep’t of Labor, 18-CV-0509, 2019 WL 2743505 (N.D.N.Y. July 1, 2019), the court, inter alia, held that plaintiff should be permitted to amend her complaint to add a claim for national origin discrimination. From the decision: As to Plaintiff’s claim for national origin discrimination, Defendant argues that amendment would…

Read More National Origin Discrimination Claim by Chinese Plaintiff May Proceed; Persons Identified as “American” Were Appropriate Comparators

Recently, the Second Circuit, in Legrand v. Walmart Stores East, LP, 2019 WL 3026881 (2d Cir. July 11, 2019) (Summary Order) held, inter alia, that one plaintiff sufficiently alleged discrimination, hostile work environment, and retaliation claims under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. § 1981,…

Read More Discrimination, Hostile Work Environment Claims (Based on Behind-the-Back Comments) Sufficiently Alleged, Court Holds

In Osuan v. City of New York et al, 2019 WL 2544866, at *4 (S.D.N.Y. June 20, 2019), the court, inter alia, denied defendants’ motion to dismiss plaintiff’s claim of retaliation under 42 U.S.C. 1981. From the decision: Here, Osuan lodged a complaint with human resources about Martin’s behavior and was terminated without explanation only…

Read More Section 1981 Retaliation Claim Sufficiently Alleged; Termination Two Weeks After HR Complaint Plausibly Indicated Causation

In Desouza v. Office of Children and Family Services, 2019 WL 2477796 (E.D.N.Y. June 12, 2019), the court clarified differences between/among the various theories available to a plaintiff in a gender discrimination/sexual harassment case. It explained (paragraphing altered): Though claims challenging disparate treatment, quid pro quo sexual harassment, and hostile work environment are all claims of…

Read More Court Clarifies Difference Between “Hostile Work Environment” and “Disparate Treatment” Gender Discrimination Claims; Absence of “Adverse Employment Action” Results in Dismissal