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Constructive Discharge

One venue available to victims of employment discrimination – including being subjected to a hostile work environment – is to pursue a claim in the New York State Division of Human Rights, an administrative agency that enforces the New York State Human Rights Law. Proceeding in that forum, however, results in a relatively limited range […]

In Mira v. Kingston et al, 2017 WL 4877290 (2d Cir. 16-4080-cv Oct. 30. 2017) (Summary Order), the Second Circuit held that while the district court should have addressed plaintiff’s requests to amend her complaint, the allegations in that complaint would have been dismissed in any event. Specifically, plaintiff wanted to present claims under 42 U.S.C. […]

In Lawson v. Homenuk, 2017 WL 4534779 (2d Cir. Oct. 11, 2017) (Summary Order), the Second Circuit affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s disability-based hostile work environment claim under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the New York State Human Rights Law. From the Order: Although Lawson argues that her coworkers “constantly” […]

In Schultz v. Congregation Shearith Israel of the City of New York et al, 2017 WL 3427130 (2d Cir. Aug. 10, 2017), the Second Circuit (among other things) affirmed the district court’s dismissal of plaintiff’s constructive discharge claim. The court explained that “[t]he constructive-discharge doctrine contemplates a situation in which an employer discriminates against an […]

In Dineley v. Coach, Inc., No. 16-cv-3197 (DLC), 2017 WL 2963499 (S.D.N.Y. July 11, 2017), the court denied defendant’s motion for summary judgment on plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim based on her disability (alcoholism). Initially, the court noted that while the Second Circuit has not yet decided whether the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) provides […]

In Mitzner v. royal Bank of Canada et al, 2017 WL 2152582 (N.Y.Sup.), 2017 N.Y. Slip Op. 31071(U) (Trial Order) (Sup. Ct. NY Cty. May 17, 2017) (J. Edwards), the court denied defendants’ motion for summary judgment on plaintiff’s claims of gender and pregnancy discrimination under the New York State and City Human Rights Laws. From […]

In Burgos v. Works, No. 13-CV-704S, 2017 WL 2403305, at *8–9 (W.D.N.Y. June 2, 2017), the court (inter alia) denied defendant’s motion for summary judgment on plaintiff’s race and sex-based hostile work environment, race and sex-based adverse-action discrimination, and retaliation claims.[1]However, it dismissed plaintiff’s age-based hostile work environment and discrimination claims under the Age Discrimination […]

In Black v. Buffalo Meat Serv., Inc., No. 15CV49S, 2017 WL 1196469 (W.D.N.Y. Mar. 31, 2017) – a race/sex hostile work environment and constructive discharge case – the court ruled on the parties’ respective discovery motions. The facts, as summarized by the court: Plaintiff claims that defendants created a hostile work environment on the basis […]

In Creacy v. BCBG Max Azria Grp., LLC, No. 14 CIV. 10008 (ER), 2017 WL 1216580 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 31, 2017), the court denied defendant’s motion for summary judgment as to her hostile work environment and constructive discharge claims. In sum, plaintiff asserts that defendant subjected her to a racially hostile work environment, retaliated against her, and […]

In Matter of AMG Managing Partners v. NYS Div. of Human Rights, No. TP 16-01391, 2017 WL 1187641 (N.Y. App. Div. 4th Dept. Mar. 31, 2017), the court upheld a New York State Division of Human Rights determination that the complainant was subjected to hostile work environment sexual harassment, but reduced the emotional distress damages award to […]