Employment Law

In employment law, a “constructive discharge” occurs when an employer intentionally creates an intolerable work atmosphere that forces the plaintiff to quit involuntarily. See Andersen v. Rochester City Sch. Dist., 481 Fed.Appx. 628, 632 (2d Cir.2012); see also Walsh v. Scarsdale Union Free School District, 2019 WL 1316486 (S.D.N.Y. 2019) (“In addition to an objectively…

Read More Threats of Termination & Constructive Discharge

In Emengo v. Stark, 2019 WL 2206250 (2d Cir. May 22, 2019) (Summary Order), the court, inter alia, affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s failure-to-promote race/national origin discrimination claim. After summarizing the law, the court explained: While Defendants sufficiently established non-discriminatory reasons for the failure to promote Emengo, he has failed to present sufficient evidence that…

Read More Citing “Stray Remarks” Doctrine, 2d Circuit Affirms Dismissal of Plaintiff’s Discrimination Claim

In Simon v. City of New York, 17-cv-9575, 2019 WL 916767 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 14, 2019), the court, inter alia, dismissed plaintiff’s disability discrimination claim under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) because she did not sufficiently allege an “adverse employment action.” Specifically, this decision is instructive as to whether and to what extent a schedule…

Read More ADA Disability Discrimination Claim Dismissed; Schedule Change Was Not an “Adverse Employment Action”

In Edun v. Envirosell, Inc., 2019 NY Slip Op 31384(U), Index No. 155211/2016 (Sup. Ct. NY Cty. May 17, 2019), the court dismissed plaintiff’s discrimination claims. This decision provides a good overview of the interpretation and application of the New York City Human Rights Law. Here is how the court addressed one of plaintiff’s allegations:…

Read More Terrorist “Joke” Insufficient to Demonstrate Discrimination

In McIntyre v. Corning Incorporated, 15-cv-6277, 2019 WL 2140625 (W.D.N.Y., 2019), the court, inter alia, dismissed plaintiff’s Title VII hostile work environment claim, finding that plaintiff did not show that he was subjected to a hostile work environment within 300 days of his EEOC complaint. In this case, plaintiff alleged (inter alia) that he was…

Read More Untimely, Non-Gender Based Conduct Did Not Amount to a Hostile Work Environment Claim, Court Holds

In Montanez v. McDean LLC, 2019 WL 2153298 (2d Cir. May 16, 2019) (Summary Order), the Second Circuit, inter alia, affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim. The law, as summarized by the court: To establish a hostile work environment claim, a plaintiff must show, inter alia, that “the workplace was permeated with…

Read More Hostile Work Claim Dismissal Affirmed; Additional Work, Reprimands, Etc. Insufficient__

In Torres v. New York City Dept. of Education, 18-cv-2156, 2019 WL 2124891 (E.D.N.Y. May 15, 2019), the court, inter alia, dismissed plaintiff’s retaliation claim under the New York City Human Rights Law. The court explained that that statute “does not require an adverse employment action and a plaintiff must only provide evidence she was…

Read More Plaintiff Fails to Plead That He Was Treated “Less Well” Because of His Disability; City Law Retaliation Claim Dismissed

In Torres v. New York City Dept. of Education, 18-cv-2156, 2019 WL 2124891 (E.D.N.Y. May 15, 2019), the court, inter alia, dismissed plaintiff’s discrimination and retaliation claims – by granting defendant’s motion for a judgment on the pleadings pursuant to FRCP 12(c) – under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), on the ground that plaintiff…

Read More ADA Claim Dismissed; No “Adverse Employment Action”

In Kurlender v. Ironside Group, Inc., 2019 WL 1317405 (E.D.N.Y., 2019), the court fully adopted a Magistrate Judge’s Report & Recommendation, inter alia, denying defendant’s motion to dismiss plaintiff’s Amended Complaint’s allegation that he was subjected to hostile work environment sexual harassment. The court summarized plaintiff’s allegations as follows: Plaintiff alleges in the Amended Complaint…

Read More Allegation of “Unwanted Touching” Sufficient to Plead Hostile Work Environment Sexual Harassment

In Petrisko v Animal Medical Center, No. 151573/2018, 2019 WL 1311026 (N.Y. Sup Ct, New York County Mar. 22, 2019), the court, inter alia, dismissed plaintiff’s constructive discharge claim. The court explained that “[t]o state a claim for an adverse employment action based on a constructive discharge the plaintiff must allege facts tending to show…

Read More Rescission of Resignation Tanked Constructive Discharge Claim, Court Holds