Constructive Notice

In Sager v. Waldo Gardens, Inc., 2018 NY Slip Op 07359 (App. Div. 1st Dept. Nov. 1, 2018) – a personal injury slip-and-fall case – the court affirmed the lower court’s denial of summary judgment to the defendant. The outcome, like so many cases of this type, turned on the often difficult-to-prove issue of constructive notice. From…

Read More Slip/Fall Case Survives Summary Judgment; Court Cites Porter’s Failure to Mop the Area Despite Noticing it Was Wet

In Correa v. Matsias, 2017 WL 4159254 (N.Y.A.D. 2 Dept. Sept. 20, 2017), a ceiling-collapse personal injury case, the court held that plaintiff could not employ the doctrine of “res ipsa loquitur” at trial. That doctrine, explained the court, is a rule of evidence that permits an inference of negligence to be drawn solely from…

Read More “Res Ipsa Loquitur” Doctrine Held Inapplicable in Ceiling-Collapse Personal Injury Case, But Complaints to Superintendent Demonstrated Notice Sufficient to Overcome Summary Judgment

One frequently-occurring personal injury case is the so-called “slip-and-fall” case, which in turn is a species of “premises liability” claims. One court[1]Decker v. Middletown Walmart Supercenter Store, No. 15 CIV. 2886 (JCM), 2017 WL 568761 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 10, 2017) recently summarized the law as follows: In New York, [t]o establish a prima facie case of…

Read More Surviving Summary Judgment in a Slip-and-Fall Premises Liability Case

In Chojnacki v. Old Westbury Gardens, Inc., 2017 NY Slip Op 05706, 2017 WL 3045841 (App. Div. 2d Dept. July 19, 2017), the court reversed a lower court’s finding that the alleged defect that caused plaintiff to fall – a raised brick – was “trivial” as a matter of law. From the decision:: The Supreme Court…

Read More Trip/Fall Case Survives Summary Judgment; Raised Brick Was Not a “Trivial Defect” as a Matter of Law

In Lebron v. 142 S 9, LLC, 151 A.D.3d 835, 54 N.Y.S.3d 679, 680 (N.Y. App. Div. 2d Dept. June 14, 2017), the Second Department affirmed the lower court’s denial of defendant’s motion for summary judgment on plaintiff’s personal injury slip-and-fall case. Here, plaintiff alleged that she was injured when she slipped and fell on…

Read More Slip/Fall Plaintiff Survives Summary Judgment; Defendants Did Not Submit Evidence Regarding Specific Cleaning

In Andersen v. El Triunfo Laundromat Corp., 54 N.Y.S.3d 166, 167–68 (N.Y. App. Div. 2d Dept. 2017), the court affirmed the denial of summary judgment to defendant in plaintiff’s slip-and-fall case. Plaintiff alleged that they slipped and fell due to the presence of a foreign substance on the floor of defendant’s premises. Summarizing the (familiar, now…

Read More Slip/Fall Plaintiff Survives Summary Judgment in Light of Fact Issue as to Constructive Notice

In Jeremias v. Lake Forest Estates, No. 2015-08003, 2017 WL 424673 (N.Y. App. Div. 2d Dept. Feb. 1, 2017), a personal injury slip/trip-and-fall case, the court affirmed the lower court’s denial of defendant’s motion for summary judgment. The law, as summarized by the court: A defendant moving for summary judgment in a slip-and-fall case has the…

Read More Testimony About General Cleaning Practices Insufficient to Establish Summary Judgment for Defendant in Slip/Fall Personal Injury Case

In Pearce v. Home Depot U.S.A., Inc., No. 14 CIV. 6836, 2016 WL 4540832 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 30, 2016), the court denied defendant’s summary judgment motion on plaintiff’s personal injury / slip-and-fall claim. In sum, plaintiff claimed that they were injured when they slipped on a wet substance while in defendant’s store. As explained by the court,…

Read More Slip/Fall Case Continues; Destruction of Video Leads to Inference of Constructive Notice