Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

In Baker v. Medical Answering Services, LLC, 18-cv-00870, 2019 WL 634654 (N.D.N.Y. Feb. 14, 2019), the court dismissed plaintiff’s employment discrimination complaint, finding that plaintiff did not sufficiently allege a violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. From the decision: Plaintiff has, however, failed to plausibly allege circumstances giving rise to…

Read More Inference of Discrimination Not Sufficiently Alleged; Employment Discrimination Complaint Dismissed

In a recent decision, Wittmer v. Phillips 66 Company, 18-20251 (5th Cir. Feb. 6, 2019), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit held that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964’s prohibition on discrimination “because of … sex” does not protect against discrimination based on transgender status. In light of other…

Read More Fifth Circuit: Title VII Does Not Protect Against Transgender Discrimination

In Davis v. Town of Hempstead, 2019 WL 235644, at *5 (E.D.N.Y. Jan. 16, 2019), a sexual harassment case, the court (inter alia) concluded that the plaintiff was not an “employee” of the Town Clerk (defendant Bonilla) – whom she claimed sexually harassed her – and thus dismissed her claim under Title VII of the…

Read More Title VII Sexual Harassment Claim Dismissed; Town Clerk’s Assistant Was Not an “Employee”

From Bussa v. St. John’s University, 2019 WL 136641, at *3–4 (E.D.N.Y., 2019): Plaintiff has failed to allege sufficient facts to demonstrate that the defendant discriminated against him in violation of Title VII or the ADA. As a general matter, the complaint suggests that the plaintiff did not actually apply for a specific position, although he…

Read More Aspiring Graduate Student’s Title VII, ADA Discrimination Claims Dismissed

In Rivas v. New York State Lottery, 2018 WL 6656390 (2d Cir. Dec. 18, 2018) (Summary Order), the court (inter alia) affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s retaliation claim. What makes this case arguably somewhat unique is that the alleged retaliation occurred after plaintiff left defendant’s employment. From the Order: The District Court did not err in…

Read More Post-Termination Retaliation Claim Dismissal Affirmed

In Lonergan-Milligan v. New York State Office of Mental Health, 2018 WL 6605686 (W.D.N.Y. Dec. 17, 2018), the court dismissed plaintiff’s Title VII sexual harassment (hostile work environment) claim. The law: A prima facie case of a hostile work environment involves two showings: (1) that the complained-of conduct ‘was sufficiently severe or pervasive to alter…

Read More Hostile Work Environment Claim Dismissed; Conduct Was Neither “Severe” Nor “Pervasive”

Generally, the anti-discrimination laws – such as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 – prohibit discrimination against employees and applicants based on certain protected characteristics (as in the case of Title VII, race, color, religion, sex, and national origin).    That said, there exists a (limited) exception, where such a characteristic is…

Read More The “Bona Fide Occupational Qualification” (“BFOQ”) in Employment Law

In Chin v. Alejandro Torres et al, 2018 WL 6435898, at *2 (N.D.N.Y. Dec. 7, 2018), the court dismissed plaintiff’s sexual harassment complaint, citing the well-established principle that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is not applicable against individual defendants. As summarized by the court, plaintiff “alleges that she was employed in…

Read More Court Dismisses Title VII Sexual Harassment Complaint Against Individual Defendants

In Snyder v. Town of Potsdam, 2018 WL 6267922 (N.D.N.Y. Nov. 30, 2018), the court – summarizing (one aspect of) the law of employment discrimination – underscores an important (albeit established) point: namely, not only “minorities” are protected by the anti-discrimination laws. The court wrote: Title VII [of the Civil Rights Act of 1964] prohibits all…

Read More Discrimination Laws Prohibit Discrimination Against Men Too, Court Notes