Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

In Chauca v. AdvantageCare Physicians, P.C., 2019 WL 4247495 (E.D.N.Y. Sept. 6, 2019), the court, inter alia, dismissed plaintiff’s hostile work environment sexual harassment claim. The court summarized the basic elements of such a claim: To show that she was subjected to sex discrimination by virtue of a hostile work environment, plaintiff must show that…

Read More Sexual Harassment Claim Dismissed; Alleged Comments Were “Equally Offensive” to Men and Women

In Akinde v. NYC Health & Hospital Corp. et al, 16-cv-8882, 2019 WL 4392959 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 13, 2019), the court held, inter alia, that plaintiff sufficiently alleged discrimination and retaliation under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act. Judge Woods summarized the relevant legal standard(s):[1]Paragraphing added. To establish a…

Read More Complaint Sufficiently Alleges Title VII and ADA Discrimination & Retaliation Claims, Court Finds

In a recent decision, Gindi v. NYC Dept. of Education, 18-3057-cv, 2019 WL 4254700 (2d Cir. Sept. 9, 2019) (Summary Order), the Second Circuit affirmed the district court’s dismissal – on statute of limitations grounds – of plaintiff’s discrimination claims asserted under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in…

Read More Title VII, ADEA, ADA Dismissal Affirmed on Statute of Limitations Grounds

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000e, is a comprehensive federal anti-discrimination statute that, inter alia, prohibits discrimination “because of” one’s race, color, religion, sex, and national origin, as well as retaliation for engaging in certain “protected activity.” But who does the statute protect, specifically?[1]Other laws specifically extend their protections…

Read More Am I an “Employee” for Purposes of Title VII?

In Jordan v. United Health Group Inc., No. 18-2268, 2019 WL 4071943 (2d Cir. Aug. 29, 2019) (Summary Order), the Second Circuit, inter alia, affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s retaliation claim under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Here, plaintiff contends that she was terminated in retaliation for filing a charge with…

Read More 2d Circuit Affirms Dismissal of Title VII Retaliation Claim; More Than One-Year Gap Too Attenuated to Show Causation

In Jordan v. United Health Group Inc., No. 18-2268, 2019 WL 4071943 (2d Cir. Aug. 29, 2019) (Summary Order), the Second Circuit, inter alia, affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s race-based hostile work environment claim asserted under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The court briefly summarized the law: “A hostile work environment…

Read More 2d Circuit Affirms Dismissal of Race-Based Hostile Work Environment Claim

In Jordan v. United Health Group Inc., No. 18-2268, 2019 WL 4071943 (2d Cir. Aug. 29, 2019) (Summary Order), the Second Circuit, inter alia, affirmed the dismissal of plaintiff’s race discrimination claim asserted under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. After briefly summarizing the law – namely, that “[t]o prevail on [a…

Read More 2d Circuit Affirms Dismissal of Title VII Race Discrimination Claim; Absent/Tardy Co-Worker Comparators Were Not “Similarly Situated”

In Coku v. The New York Presbyterian Hospital et al, 17-cv-2488, 2019 WL 3779507 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 12, 2019), the court, inter alia, dismissed plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim. After summarizing the relevant legal standards, and noting that “the standard for establishing a hostile work environment is high”, the court noted that plaintiff did not meet…

Read More Hostile Work Environment Claim Dismissed; Alleged Mistreatment Was Not Due to Protected Characteristic

In Menaker v. Hofstra University, 18-3089-cv, 2019 WL 3819631 (2d Cir. Aug. 15, 2019), the Second Circuit vacated the dismissal of plaintiff’s sex discrimination claim asserted under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The court summarized its holding(s) as follows: (1) Where a university (a) takes an adverse employment action against an…

Read More Second Circuit Vacates Dismissal of Hofstra Tennis Coach’s Sex Discrimination Claim

In MacAlister v. Millennium Hotels & Resorts et al, 2019 WL 3765825 (S.D.N.Y. August 9, 2019), the court held, inter alia, that plaintiff – a white American woman over the age of 40 – sufficiently alleged discrimination and a hostile work environment based on her age. gender and race. As to plaintiff’s discrimination claims, the…

Read More “Old White Bitch” Among Comments Held Sufficient to Allege Age/Race/Gender Discrimination & Hostile Work Environment Claims